samskivert: Euler 57

26 July 2010

Problem 057:

object Euler57 extends EulerApp {
  case class Frac (numer :BigInt, denom :BigInt) {
    def add (n :BigInt) = Frac(n * denom + numer, denom)
    def invert = Frac(denom, numer)
    def numheavy = numer.toString.length > denom.toString.length
  def expand (count :Int) :Frac = if (count == 0) Frac(1, 2)
                                  else expand(count-1).add(2).invert
  def answer = (0 to 1000) filter(i => expand(i).add(1).numheavy) length

I took the opportunity to use a case class to model just enough of a rational to get the job done. The only other thinking required was figuring out how to perform the infinite expansion iteratively: start with ½, add two, invert, repeat as desired, then finally add one.

I was lazy in two ways: I used BigInt instead of reducing the numerator and denominator along the way to keep things fitting in 32 (or 64) bits, and I could have probably structured the code differently to make use of incremental results, but this already runs in about two seconds, so I didn't feel the need. Oh, and I also probably shouldn't be abusing the stack like I am in expand, so call it three ways lazy.

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